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Sankara Nethralaya
Sankara Nethralaya
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The C J Shah Cornea Services at Sankara Nethralaya, established in 1978 and presently headed by Dr. Rama Rajagopal, is a centre dedicated to the management of corneal disorders. The department consists of 13 well-trained corneal surgeons including Chennai and Kolkatta. The departments are well equipped with instrumentation and technology to provide state-of-the-art care for patients suffering from a wide variety of corneal disorders. The departments have an elaborate academic and surgical training programme for fellows in cornea and external eye diseases. Research programme encompasses both basic and clinical work involving corneal diseases and transplantation. In a year about 45,000-50,000 outpatients are seen and about 3,500 surgeries are performed in the department. A total of 1200-1300 refractive surgeries and 650-700 corneal transplants are done each year.

Clinical Profile:

The department caters to the efficient diagnosis and management of a wide range of diseases:

Congential and hereditary cornea disorders
Corneal infections
Allergic eye diseases
Immunologic disorders of cornea
Keratoconus and other corneal degenerations
Ocular surface disorders including severe dry eye, blepharitis, chemical injuries, Stevens Johnson's syndrome
Ocular surface tumors
Refractive errors


The department offers most recent advances in the field of corneal surgery which include:

Penetrating Keratoplasty:

(Optical, tectonic and therapeutic) with anterior segment reconstruction, Combined with SFIOL Vitreo-retinal procedures and Paediatric PK

Lamellar corneal surgeries:

Including Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (DALK), Deep Lamellar Endothelial Keratoplasty (DLEK) and Descemet's Stripping EndoKeratoplasty (DSEK), Automated Lamellar Therapeutic Keratoplasty (ALTK)

Refractive corneal surgery

Refractive surgery offers the state of art facility for various laser refractive procedures like LASIK, Epi-LASIK, PRK and Wavefront guided customized ablation

Ocular surface reconstruction surgeries
Collagen Cross Linking for keratoconus

Ocular Surface Clinic:
The first of its kind in the country, caters to a wide variety of surface disorders including dry eye, chemical injuries, Stevens Johnson syndrome and ocular surface neoplasias. The surgical management includes:
Ocular surface reconstruction
Pterygium surgeries
Stem cell transplantation (limbal autografts and allografts) including Ex-vivo stem cell culture and transplantation
Amniotic membrane transplantation
Mucous membrane grafting
Modified osteo-odonto keratoprosthesis(MOOKP) for severe bilateral end-stage ocular surface disorders
Recent Advances

Customized laser refractive surgery:

A strategy to correct not only the refractive error but also the other optical imperfections of the eye, known as aberrations.

Collagen cross linking for keratoconus:

A new modality for arresting progression of keratoconus by strengthening the corneal collagen fibres, involving the use of UV-Light and Riboflavin.

Facilities & Diagnostic Services

Corneal Topography(PENTACAM,TMS-4,TOPOLYZER) - Evaluates shape and power of corneal surface. The Pentacam, based on the Schiempflug photography is unique in that it provides invaluable information that other instruments are incapable of measuring.
Pachymetry - Measurement of corneal thickness
Aberrometry - Measures the optical aberrations of the eyeball
Specular Microscopy - Study of the corneal endothelium (cells that maintain corneal clarity)
Anterior segment digital photography
Immunohistopathlogicial diagnosis of various immune disorders
Specialized Contact lens fitting – for irregular cornea, keratoconus and for therapeutic purposes
Eye Bank
24 hour corneal tissue retrieval, assessment and processing under laminar flow and storage. A dedicated team that promotes awarness of eye donation. Can be contacted through dedicated telephone line number 28281919
Teaching activities

Postgraduate teaching:

Aims at providing an in-depth knowledge of various corneal disorders and diagnostic procedures to the postgraduate students.

The Cornea Fellowship training programme:

Comprehensive training programme in various aspects of medical and surgical management of corneal disorders

Research activities

Major ongoing research projects are:

Ex-vivo stem cell culture on human amniotic membrane
Ex-vivo stem cell culture on thermoreversible synthetic polymer
Evaluation of efficacy and safety of episcleral implants for high risk corneal grafts
Multicenter clinical trials involving , various durgs, implants and contact lenses
Genetic diseases in corneal dystrophies
Director Dr. Rama Rajagopal

Deputy Director

Dr. N Radhika
Consultants Dr. Bhaskar Srinivasan
Dr. Geetha Krishnan Iyer
Dr. John Sarkar (Kolkatta)
Dr. Mamta Agarwal
Dr. Meena Lakshmipathy
Dr. Mona Bhargava (Kolkatta)
Dr. Niveditha Narayanan
Dr. Prema Padmanabhan
Dr. Ravi Daulat Barbhaya (Kolkatta)
Dr. R R Sudhir
Dr. Shweta S Agarwal
Director - Cornea
Dr. Rama Rajagopal
Sankara Nethralaya, JKCN Complex,
21, Pycrofts Garden Road,
Chennai 600 006.
Tel: 91-44-28233556, 28271616, 28311913
Extn: 2251
Deputy Director - Cornea
Dr. N Radhika
Sankara Nethralaya, JKCN Complex,
21, Pycrofts Garden Road,
Chennai 600 006.
E-Mail ID:
Tel: 91-44-28233556, 28271616, 28311913