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Sankara Nethralaya
Sankara Nethralaya
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Specialities

Vitreoretina

Brief History

"Shri Bhagwan Mahavirvitreoretinal services" is one of the largest, busiest and best-equipped retina units in South East Asia . It is known in India and neighbouring countries for its world class and state of the art eye care for patients with complicated vitreo-retinal problems. The vitreoretinal department is currently functioning in Chennai and Kolkatta with a task force constituting of 24 consultants headed by Dr. Pramod Bhende. On an average, 1.5 lakh patient’s with various vitreoretinal disorder’s are seen in the out- patient services and 5500 vitreoretinal surgeries are being performed

Ophthalmic issues the dept. addresses

Retina is the light sensitive film in the back of the eye. The image is perceived here and transmitted to the brain by the optic nerve. The vitreous is the clear gel that fills the back of the eye. Diseases of retina can affect any age. Premature infants can be affected by a disease called - ROP (Retinopathy of pre-maturity). Heredity and age related degenerations can affect the retina - especially the central most sensitive part of the retina called 'macula'. The retina can detach from the backportion of the eye - a condition called 'Retinal Detachment'. The Vitreous gel can become opaque due to blood - a condition called 'Vitreous hemorrhage'. This condition can occur in diabetics following injury and in other conditions.

The treatments available are Medical managements such as Laser Photocoagulation , intravitreal injections and Surgical managements such as Complex Vitreoretinal Surgery. Sankara Nethralaya is one of the busiest Vitreoretinal centres in the World. Over 250 patients are Examined in this Department per day and over 4000 major Vitreoretinal surgeries performed every year

Facilities

Fundus Flouresine Angiography(FFA)

To study diseases related to retinal blood vessel

Fundus Indocyanine angiography(ICG)

To study the choroidal blood vessels and related diseases

Ultrasonography

To detect structural damage inside the eye

Optical Coherence Tomography(OCT)

To Study the central retinal layers of the eye

Ultrasound Biomicroscopy

To study the anterior portion of the eyeball

Electrodiagonostic Services (ERG, EOG, VEP)

To evaluate retinal function(like the ECG for the heart)

Laser Treatment of Retinal diseases

Argon Green Laser
Diode Laser
TTT Facility
Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)

Vitreoretinal Surgery

Nine fully equipped Operation Theaters are dedicated exclusively for Vitreoretinal Surgery at Sankara Nethralaya.

Training and courses offered

The facilities available are:

Digital fundus photography including Topcon and 3nethra(Forus) – non mydriatic digital fundus camera
Fundus fluorescein angiography (FF450 IRplus ),wide field angiography(Spectralis)
Indocyanine green angiography (ICG)
Laser photocoagulation (green, Diode, PASCAL)
Transpupillary thermo therapy (TTT)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT)
Electroretinogram (ERG), Multifocal ERG, Electrooculogram (EOG),VEP, Multifocal VEP,Sweep VEP
Ultrasonography /ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM)
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) - Cirrus OCT 4000 (Carl Zeiss) , 3D OCT 1000 (Topcon), Spectralis (Heidelberg Engineering), Swept Source OCT (Topcon), Optos OCT SLO , Hand held OCT(Bioptigen invivo view version 2.22)
Microperimetry
Portable doppler (Nidek) for A & B scan & pachymetry
Vitreous fluorometer
Macular pigment densitometer
Ret cam
Video slit lamp biomicroscopy

Six fully equipped operation theaters are dedicated exclusively for vitreo-retinal surgeries and on an average 500 retinal surgeries, both simple and complicated, are performed every month. Apart from patient care, Shri Bhagwan Mahavir vitreoretinal services is also actively involved in teaching, training and research.

Till date over 400 papers are published in peer-reviewed National & International journals.

Books published:

1) FFA Atlas
2) Ultrasound Atlas
3) Atlas of retinal diseases

Types Of Fellowship

The department offers following fellowship programs…
Medical retina fellowship (Basic course) 1 month
Medical retina fellowship (Advanced course) 12 months
Medical retina and Uvea combined fellowship 18 month
Clinical vitreoretina fellowship 24 months
Reseach-cum-Clinical vitreoretina fellowship 30 months
Till date around 429 candidates have been trained in these various fellowship programs.

Medical retina fellowship (Basic course)

Duration:1 month

Number of trainees: 6 per year(one every alternate month)

Features:

  • Mastering the skills of using slit lamp biomicroscopy which includes use of contact and noncontact fundus lenses.
  • Mastering the skills of using indirect ophthalmoscopy.
  • Exposure to medical retina cases under retina specialist.
  • Interpretation of fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), Indocyanine green angiography (ICG), Optical coherence tomography (OCT), ultrasonography (USG) and electrodiagnostic modalities.
  • Hands on experience in performing FFA, ICG, OCT and USG.
  • To observe laser photocoagulation being done by retina specialist for various posterior segment diseases.

Medical retina fellowship (Advanced course)

Duration:1 year

Number of trainees: 4 per year(two every 6months)

Features:

  • Mastering the skills of using slit lamp biomicroscopy which includes use of contact and noncontact fundus lenses.
  • Mastering the skills of using indirect ophthalmoscopy.
  • Diagnosis of various medical and surgical retina conditions under supervision of retina specialist.
  • Interpretation of fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), Indocyanine green angiography (ICG), Optical coherence tomography (OCT), ultrasonography (USG) and electrodiagnostic modalities.
  • Hands on experience in performing FFA, ICG,OCT, USG and electrodiagnostic modalities.
  • Visiting NICU with retina specialist to screen babies for retinopathy of prematurity.
  • Hands on experience in performing laser photocoagulation for various posterior segment diseases.
  • Hands on experience in delivering intravitreal injections for various posterior segment pathologies.
  • Familiarize with the art of prescribing low visual aids.

Medical retina and Uvea combined fellowship

Duration:1year and 6 months

Number of trainees: 4 per year(two every 6months)

Features:

  • Mastering the skills of using slit lamp biomicroscopy which includes use of contact and noncontact fundus lenses.
  • Mastering the skills of using indirect ophthalmoscopy
  • Diagnosis of various medical and surgical retina conditions under supervision of retina specialist.
  • Diagnosis of uveitis under supervision of uvea specialist.
  • Interpretation of fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA), Indocyanine green angiography(ICG), Optical coherence tomography (OCT), ultrasonography(USG) and electrodiagnostic modalities.
  • Hands on experience in performing FFA, ICG,OCT, USG and electrodiagnostic modalities.
  • Visiting NICU with retina specialist to screen babies for retinopathy of prematurity.
  • Hands on experience in performing laser photocoagulation for various posterior segment diseases.
  • Hands on experience in delivering intravitreal injections for various posterior segment pathologies.
  • Hands on experience in performing cataract surgery during the first year.
  • Familiarize with the art of prescribing low visual aids.

Clinical vitreoretina fellowship

Duration: 2 years

Number of trainees: 4 per year(two every 6months)

Features:

  • Mastering the skills of using slit lamp biomicroscopy which includes use of contact and noncontact fundus lenses.
  • Mastering the skills of using indirect ophthalmoscopy
  • Diagnosis of various medical and surgical retina conditions under supervision of retina specialist.
  • Diagnosis of uveitis under supervision of uvea specialist.
  • Interpretation of fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA), Indocyanine green angiography(ICG), Optical coherence tomography(OCT), ultrasonography(USG) and electrodiagnostic modalities.
  • Hands on experience in performing FFA, ICG,OCT, USG and electrodiagnostic modalities.
  • Visiting NICU with retina specialist to screen babies for retinopathy of prematurity.
  • Hands on experience in performing laser photocoagulation for various posterior segment diseases.
  • Hands on experience in delivering intravitreal injections for various posterior segment pathologies.
  • Hands on experience in performing sclera buckling techniques under the supervision of vitreoretinal surgeons.
  • Hands on experience in performing Pars planavitrectomies (20G,23G,25G) under the supervision of vitreoretinal surgeons.
  • Taking part in research activities and presentations in conferences.
  • Familiarize with the art of prescribing low visual aids.
  • Familiarize with genetic screening and counseling.

Reseach-cum- Clinical vitreoretina fellowship

Duration: 2 years and 6 months

Number of trainees: 4 per year(two every 6months)

Features:

  • Dedicated 6 months for exclusive training in research methodologies and statistics.
  • To learn the art of writing research publications.
  • To learn the art of writing research proposal for grant.
  • To work with basic scientist.
  • To be an active participant in the ongoing studies in SankaraNethralaya.
  • To conduct clinical auditing.
  • Insight into conducting clinical studies.
  • Presentations in conferences.
  • Mastering the skills of using slit lamp biomicroscopy which includes use of contact and noncontact fundus lenses.
  • Mastering the skills of using indirect ophthalmoscopy
  • Diagnosis of various medical and surgical retina conditions under supervision of retina specialist.
  • Diagnosis of uveitis under supervision of uvea specialist.
  • Interpretation of fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA), Indocyanine green angiography(ICG), Optical coherence tomography(OCT), ultrasonography(USG) and electrodiagnostic modalities.
  • Hands on experience in performing FFA, ICG, OCT USG and electrodiagnostic modalities.
  • Visiting NICU with retina specialist to screen babies for retinopathy of prematurity.
  • Hands on experience in performing laser photocoagulation for various posterior segment diseases.
  • Hands on experience in delivering intravitreal injections for various posterior segment pathologies.
  • Hands on experience in performing sclera buckling techniques under the supervision of vitreoretinal surgeons.
  • Hands on experience in performing Pars plana vitrectomies (20G,23G,25G) under the supervision of vitreoretinal surgeons.
  • Familiarize with the art of prescribing low visual aids.
  • Familiarize with genetic screening and counseling.

Selection / Eligibility

The selection examination is held once a year in the month of august. Selection is done for 2 sessions (October and next April). Advertisements appear in the hospital website, in house magazines. Written examination is in the form of multiple choice questions. Candidates clearing the written examination will appear for the viva, conducted by two examiners. List of selected candidates would be displayed on the hospital notice board by the same evening. Candidates with postgraduate degree in ophthalmology can apply for the fellowship. Institutional candidates will be given preference. Qualified candidates employed elsewhere should produce a NO OBJECTION CERTIFICATE from the employer at the time of the examination.

Lions Diabetic Retinopathy Skill transfer training program(SF 1634/ 324 – A8)

Duration: 2months

Number of trainees: 2 every 2 months(24 candidates in 2 years)

Training program objectives

  • A dedicated diabetic Retinopathy management program for Lion’s hospital’s and Lion’s affiliated hospital consultants
  • To create knowledge pool about diabetes and diabetic retinopathy in the country
  • To make a diagnosis of Sight -threatening Vs Non Sight-threatening DR
  • To interpret ancillary investigations such as FFA, OCT and USG
  • To learn the indications of laser photocoagulation and intravitreal injections
  • To understand the nuances of the procedure of laser photocoagulation and intravitreal injections.
  • To identify the cases needing surgical intervention, however vitreoretinal surgical intervention is not a part of this training program
  • To get to know “How to build a team with networking of physician’s, Local Lions and ophthalmologist’s.
Please click here to download Application Form

Papers/Publications for last 10 years

Does Neuronal Damage Precede Vascular Damage in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Having No Clinical Diabetic Retinopathy?Verma A, Raman R, Vaitheeswaran K, Pal SS, Laxmi G, Gupta M, Shekar SC, Sharma T. Ophthalmic Res. 2011 Dec 16;47(4):202-207.

Spectral domain optical coherence tomography and microperimetry in foveal hypoplasia. Pal SS, Gella L, Sharma T, Raman R. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2011 Nov-Dec; 59 (6):503-5.

Evaluation of in vivo human retinal morphology and function in myopes. Gella L, Raman R, Sharma T. Curr Eye Res. 2011 Oct;36 (10):943-6.

32 kb critical region excluding Y402H in CFH mediates risk for age-related macular degeneration. (PLoS One. 2011;6 (10):e25598. Epub 2011 Oct 12). Sivakumaran TA, Ramprasad VL, Sen P, Aarthi M, George R, Raman R, Das MK, Vijaya L, Kumaramanickavel G, Iyengar SKA

Molecular screening of the CYP4V2gene in Bietti crystalline dystrophy that is associated with choroidal neovascularization. 2011; 17:1970 Gandra Mamatha,1 VetrivelUmashankar, 2 NachiappanKasinathan, 3 Tandava Krishnan, RavichandranSathyabaarathi, 2 ThirumalaiKarthiyayini, 1 John Amali, 1 Chetan Rao, 3 Jagadeesan Madhavan1.

Delayed inflammation associated with retained perfluorocarbon liquid [pg.396]S Pradeep, Jay K Chhablani, Bhavin Patel, Padmaja Rani. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2011 Volume 59 | Issue 5

Hemi-central retinal artery occlusion in young adults [pg.404]Pukhraj Rishi, Ekta Rishi, Tarun Sharma, Sheshadri Mahajan. IJO 2011

Assessing Framingham cardiovascular risk scores in subjects with diabetes and their correlation with diabetic rettinopathy. Deepali R Damkondwar, Rajiv Raman, Suganeswari G, Vaitheeswaran Kulothungan,Tarun Sharma. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology January 2012 Vol.6 No.1

Morphological and functional changes in spectral domain optical coherence tomography and microperimetry in macular microhole varieants: Spectral domain optical coherence tomography and microperimetry correlation. Laxmi Gella, Rajiv Raman, Swakshyar Saumya Pal, Munesswar Gupta Nittala, Tarun Sharma. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology January 2012 .

Prevalence of Visual Impairment and Associated Risk Factors in Subjects with Type II Diabetes Mellitus: Sankara Nethralaya Diabetic Retinopathy Epidermiology and Molecular Genetics Study. (SN-DREAMS, Report 16). Padmaja Kumari Rani, Rajiv Raman, Laxmi Gella, Vaitheeswaran Kulothungan, Sharma T. Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology, volume 19, Number 1, Jan-March 2012.

Does Neuronal damage precede vascular damage in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus and having no clinical diabetic retinopathy? A Verma, Rajiv R, K Vaitheeswaran, SS Pal, Gella L, Munesswar G, Chandra Shekar S, Sharma T. Ophthalmic Research 2012;47:202-207

Asymmetric severity of diabetic retinopathy in Waardenburg syndrome: response to authors. Aditi Gupta, Raman R, Sharma T. Clinical Ophthalmology 2012:6 437-439

Complication of salmonella bacteremia in a case of treated fungal endophthalmitis. Malathi J, Sowmiya M, Vikas K, Therese KL, Madhavan HN. Case reports in Ophthalmological medicine. ID 198637,3 pages doi: 10.115/2012/198637

Spontaneous separation of inflammatory epiretinal membrane in a patient with toxoplasmicretinochoroditis - Oman Journal of Ophthalmology 2012 Jan;5(1):64-5. Gupta A, Gopal L, Biswas J.

Fifteen year trends in indications for enucleation from a tertiary care center in south India - IJO 2012 May;60(3):179-82, Sengupta S, Krishnakumar S, Biswas J, Gopal L, Khetan V

Prevalence and risk factors of diabetic retinopathy in subjects with suboptimal glycemic, blood pressure and lipid control. SankaraNethralaya diabetic retinopathy epidemiology and molecular Genetic study (SN – DREAMS, report 33) Current Eye Res 2012 Jun;37(6):513-23. Raman R, Gupta A, Sharma T.

Association of macular pigment optical density with risk factors for wet age-related macular degeneration in the Indian population. Eye (Lond).2012 May 4 doi:10.1038. Raman R, Biswas S, Gupta A, Kulothungan V, Sharma T.

Prevalence of posterior vitreous detachment in the population with type II diabetes mellitus and its effect on diabetic retinopathy: SankaraNethralaya Diabetic Retinopathy Epidemiology and molecular Genetic study (SN – DREAMS, report 23) – Jpn Journal of Ophthalmology 2012 May;56(3):262-7. Gella L, Raman R, Kulothungan V, Sharma T.

Morphological and functional correlates in Goldmann-Favre syndrome: a case series – Korean J Ophthalmol.2012 Apr;26(2):143-6. Bhandari M, Rajan R, Krishnan PT, Pal SS, Raman R, Sharma T

Influence of dietary – fibre intake on diabetes and diabetic retinopathy: SankaraNethralayadiabetic Retinopathy Epidemiology and molecular Genetic study (report 26) - Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 2012 Apr;40(3):288-94. Ganesan S, Raman R, Kulothungan V, Sharma T

Prevalence of myopia and its association with diabetic retinopathy in subjects with type II diabetes mellitus: A population based study. Suganeswari G, Raman R, Sumanth R, Tandav K, Vaitheeswaran K, Sharma T. Oman Journal of Ophthalmology Vol.5,No.2, 2012

Abnormal sleep patterns in subjects with type II diabetes mellitus and its effect on diabetic microangiopathies: SankaraNethralaya diabetic retinopathy epidemiology and molecular genetic study. (SN – DREAMS, report 20) Raman R, Aditi G, Kadri V, Vaitheeswaran K, Sharma T. ActaDiabetologica (2012) 49:255-261

Late recurrence of tumor necessitating enucleation in an adult onset retinoblastoma. Vikas K, Gaurav M, Krishnakumar S, Lingam G – Ophthalmic Genet. Sep 2012

Complication of Salmonella bacteremia in a case of treated fungal endophthalmitis. Malathi J, M. Sowmiya, Vikas K, K. L Therese, H. N. Madhavan. Case reports in Ophthalmological medicine Volume 2012

Full-field electroretinography under general anesthesiain retinoblastoma. Ramya, Khetan V, Parveen S. Documentaophthalmologica -2012

Full-field electroretinography under general anesthesia in retinoblastoma. Sachidanandam R, Krishnakumar S, Gopal L, O’Brien JM, Khetan V, Sen P – Doc Ophthalmol; Jan-42013

Histopathology of retinoblastoma: dose standardization make a difference in reporting?. Sharma T, Gopal L, Khetan V – Pediatric Blood Cancer. Feb-2013; 60(2):336-7

The cost-utility of telemedicine to screen for diabetic retinopathy in India. Sudhir RR, Rosa L, Yasmene A, Robert L, Sharma T - Ophthalmology 2013;120:566-573

Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy- Evidence-based guidelines for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Adrian, Lee-Jen, Chen, Yuk YL, Won KL, Tock HL, Tarun S – Retina 33:686-716,2013

Diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Muna B, Sandhya H, Pratik R S, Robert A, Sisk, Kumberly S - Retina 2013

Hypoxic tumor microenvironment in advanced retinoblastoma.Sudhakar J, Venkatesan N, Lakshmanan S, Khetan V, Krishnakumar S, Biswas J - Pediatr Blood Cancer.2013 Jun 27

Hypoxic tumor microenvironment in advanced retinoblastoma. Pediatr Blood Cancer.Sudhakar J, Venkatesan N, Lakshmanan S, Khetan V, Krishnakumar S, Biswas J - Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2013 Jun 27. doi: 10.1002/pbc.24599

Retinoblastoma presenting with orbital cellulitis.Walinjkar J, Krishnakumar S, Gopal L, Ramesh A, Khetan V-J AAPOS. 2013 Jun;17(3):282-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2013.02.009

The effects of renal transplantation on diabetic reinopathy – Clinical course and visual outcomes. Rupak R, Manmath K Das, Bikramjit PP, Suguneswari G, Raman R, Sharma T - Indian Journal of Ophthalmology, October 2013

Detection of an emerging pathogen Escherichia fergusonii by DNA sequence endophthalmitis. Varada G, K L Therese, R. Bagyalakshmi, J Biswas - Accepted for publication in Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery

Central serous chorioretinopathy following oral tadalfil intake. Rupak R, Pradeep K P, Debmalya D, Aneesha Lobo- clinical and experimental Optometry Dec-2013

Letter about photo essay on self-inflicted eye injury. Kumar Saurabh, Rupak Roy- Indian Journal of Ophthalmology Dec 2013

Central serous chorioretinopathy following oral tadalafil intake. Rupak R, Pradeep K P, Saurabh K, Debmalya D, Anessha L- Clinical and Experimental Optometry – Feb 25th 2014

Brachytherapy of intraocular tumors using BARC I-125 Ocu-Prosta seeds: An Indian experience. Vikas K, Gopal L, Mahesh PS, Gupta A, Sharma T, Pramod B, Muthukumar S, Subramaniam R, Kuppuswamy T, Saxena SK, Ashutosh D – Indian Journal of Ophthalmology – Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2014 Feb.Vol.62.No.2

All the glitters are not flecks: inflammatory Choroidal neovascularization in fundus flavimaculatus. Roy R, Kumar A, Ghosh S, Lobo A, Agarwal P – OculImmunolInflamm. 2014 Jan 31

Retinal sensitivity in healthy Indians using microperimeter. Laxmi G, Muneeswar G N, Raman R – Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. March 2014

Repeat gas insufflations for successful closure of idiopathic macular hole following failed primary surgery. Pukhraj R, Sumath R, Ekta R - Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. March 2014

Intraocular foreign body-retained amiss. Kuniyal L, Rishi E, Rishi P – Oman Journal of Ophthalmology – 2014. 7:40-42

Association of systemic and ocular risk factors with neurosensory retinal detachment in diabetic macular edema: a case control study. Gupta A, Raman R, Kulothugan V, Sharma T – BMC Ophthalmol. Apr 2014 9;14:47

Prevalence and risk factors for diabetic retinopathy in rural India. SankaraNethralaya Diabetic Retinopathy Epidemiology and Molecular Genetic. Study III (SN-DREAMS III), report no 2. R Raman, Suganeswari G, S S Pal, Vaitheeswaran K, Sharma T - BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care Apr 2014;2:000005. doi:10.1136/bmjdrc-2013-000005

Teleophthalmology in Diabetic Retinopathy. Surendran TS, Raman R-J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2014 Mar 17;8(2):262-266

Post-traumatic Endophthalmitis Secondary to Keratomycosis Caused by Scedosporiumapiospermum. Roy R, Panigrahi PK, Pal SS, Mukherjee A, Bhargava M - OculImmunolInflamm. 2014 Apr 11

Photoessay on Bietti’s crystalline dystrophy. Rishi P, BhojwaniD -JAMA Ophthalmology

AspergillusTerreusEndophthalmitis : Report of a case and review of literature. Rupak R, Sharma T – Indian journal of Ophthalmology 2014

SLE retinopathy in a 32 year old female-report of a case. Bhojwani D, Rishi E, Rishi P, Saurabh K - Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

Evaluation of the effectiveness of diagnostic & management decision by teleophthalmology for retinal diseases. Gupta A, Raman R, Sharma T - Indian J Med Res. 2014 Jun;139(6):954-5. PubMed PMID: 25109734

Comment on photo essay on self-inflicted eye injury. Kumar S, Rupak R - Indian Journal of Ophthalmology.July 2014

Central retinal vein occlusion as the presenting feature in young patient with protein S deficiency. Rupak R, Kumar S, Amit J, Debmalya D, Anindya K M, Aneesha L - Clinical and Experimental Optometry, October 2014

Pro re nataintravitrealbevacizumab for treatment of idiopathic choroidalneovascular membrane. Kumar S, Rupak R, Pradeep K P, Aneesha L, Anindya K M - Seminars in Ophthalmology November 2014

Failure of globe conservation in a case of adult onset retinoblastoma.Khetan V, Bindu A, Kamat P, Kumar SK. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2014 Oct;21(4):358-60. doi: 10.4103/0974-9233.142280

EpCAM Knockdown Alters MicroRNA Expression in Retinoblastoma- Functional Implication of EpCAM Regulated MiRNA in Tumor Progression. Beta M, Khetan V, Chatterjee N, Suganeswari G, Rishi P, Biswas J, Krishnakumar S - PLoS One. Dec -12 -2014 PMID:25502397

Automated diabetic retinopathy imaging in Indian eyes: A pilot study. Rupak R, Aneesha L, Bikramjeet P Pal1, Carlos Manta Oliveira, Rajiv R, Sharma T - Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 21st Dec.2014 Vol.62:12

Linguatulaserrata in the anterior chamber of the eye. Bhende M; Abhishek, Biswas J, Raman M, Bhende PS - Indian J Ophthalmol. 2015 Jan;62(12):1159-61

Epiretinal membrane removal in patients with Stargardt disease. Muna B, Bindu A, Ekta R - Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2015:Vol.63 No. 1

Unusual peripapillary new vessels in an eye with central serous retinopathy. Rupak R, Kumar S, Muna B, Debmalya D, Amit B J - Clinical and Experimental Optometry 23rd Dec-2014

Low blood and vitreal BDNF, LXA4 and altered Th1/Th2 cytokine balance are potential risk factors for diabetic retinopathy. Kaviarasana K, Jithu M, Arif M M, T Sharma, Sivasankara S, Undurti N, Angayarkannia N - Metabolism clinical and Experimental 2015.

Unusual peripapillary new vessels in an eye with central serous chorioretinopathy. Rupak R, Saurabh K, Muna P B, Debmalya D, Amit B J - Clinical and Experimental Optometry: 6th May 2015

Management of retinoblastoma: opportunities and challenges.Bhavsar D, Subramanian K, Sethuraman S, Krishnan UM - Drug Deliv. 2015 Mar PMID:25758593

Impairment of Colour Vision in Diabetes with No Retinopathy: SankaraNethralaya Diabetic Retinopathy Epidemiology and Molecular Genetics Study (SNDREAMS- II, Report 3). Laxmi G, Rajiv, Vaitheeswaran K, S SPal, Suganeswari G, Sharma T - PLOS ONE, DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0129391 June 8, 2015

Fixation characteristics among subjects with diabetes: SN-DREAMS II, Report No. 5. Laxmi G, Rajiv R, S S Pal, Suganeswari G Sharma T - Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology June 2015.

Macular thickness measurements using Copernicus Spectral Domain Optica. Coherence Tomography. Gella L, Raman R, Sharma T - Journal: Saudi J Ophthalmol. 2015 Apr-Jun;29(2):121-5

Telemedicine in diabetic retinopathy: current status and future directions. Das T, Raman R, Ramasamy K, Rani PK - Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2015 Apr-Jun;22(2):174-8

Morphological and functional outcomes following modified early treatment diabetic retinopathy study laser in diabetic macular edema. Rajiv R, Kiruthika S, L Gella, Bikramjit P. P, Sharma T - Oman Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 8, No. 2, June 2015

Bardet-Biedl Syndrome: Genetics, molecular pathophysiology and Disease management. Sathya Priya C1, Sen P, Sheela N, Sripriya S – Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2015

Homozygosity Mapping in Leber Congenital Amaurosis and Autosomal Recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa in South Indian Families.Srilekha S, Arokiasamy T, Srikrupa NN, Umashankar V, Meenakshi S, Sen P, Kapur S, Soumittra N - PLoS ONE 10(7): 0131679. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0131679

Retinal sensitivity in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus: SankaraNethralaya Diabetic Retinopathy Epidemiology and Molecular Genetics Study (SN-DREAMS II, Report No. 4). Gella L, Raman R, Kulothungan V, Saumya Pal S, Ganesan S, Sharma T - Br J Ophthalmol. 2015 Sep 3. pii: bjophthalmol-2015-307064. doi: 10.1136

Microperimetry biofeedback training in a patient with bilateral myopic macular degeneration with central scotoma. Raman R, Damkondwar D, Neriyanuri S, Sharma T - Indian J Ophthalmol. 2015 ;63(6):534-6

Foveal slope measurements in diabetic retinopathy: Can it predict development of sight-threatening retinopathy? Sankara Nethralaya Diabetic Retinopathy Epidemiology and Molecular Genetics Study (SN-DREAMS II, Report no 8). Gella L, Pal SS, Ganesan S, Sharma T, Raman R - Indian J Ophthalmol. 2015 July;63(6):478-81. doi: 10.4103/0301-4738.162578

Incidence, Progression, and Associated Risk Factors of Posterior Vitreous Detachment in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Sankara Nethralaya Diabetic Retinopathy Epidemiology and Molecular Genetic Study (SN-DREAMS II, Report No. 7). Gella L, Raman R, Pal SS, Ganesan S, Sharma T - Semin Ophthalmol. 2015 Aug 19:1-7

Chapters in Books: Diabetic Retinopathy Manual. Rajiv R, Taraprasad D, Rajalaskhmi T, Padmaja R – NPCB October 2015

Gas tamponade combined with laser photocoagulation therapy for congenital optic disc pit maculopathy’, Rajiv Raman. Letter to editor Accepted in Eye

Endogenous endophthalmitis: A 10 years retrospective study at a tertiary hospital in south India. Dhanashree R, Kumar S, Debmalya D, Kasinathan N, Amit N, Ekta R, Promod B, Sharma T, Lingam G. Asia Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology

Indications and outcomes of scleral buckle removal in a tertiary eye care center in South India. Kazi MS, Sharma VR, Kumar S, Bhende P - Oman J Ophthalmol 2015;8:171-4

Thinking Beyond Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration. NehaGoel , Atul Kumar, Mahesh P Shanmugam, MunaBhende, Raja Narayanan, Hidetaka Matsumoto - Ophthalmic Deliberations 2015

Endogenous Endophthalmitis: A 10-Year Retrospective Study at a Tertiary Hospital in South India.Ratra D, Saurabh K, Das D, Nachiappan K, Nagpal A, Rishi E, Bhende P, Sharma T, Gopal L. Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila). 2015 Sep-Oct;4(5):286-92

Clinical Outcomes of Retinal Detachment Surgery following cytomegalovirus Retinitis in Patients on Highly Active Anti-retroviral Therapy for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Mathur G,Ratra D, Bhuibhar SS, Roy R. OculImmunolInflamm. 2015 Oct;23(5):400-4

Morphological and functional outcomes following modified early treatment diabetic retinopathy study laser in diabetic macular edema. Raman R, Santhanam K, Gella L, Pal BP, Sharma T. Oman J Ophthalmol. 2015 May-Aug;8(2):92-6. doi: 10.4103/0974-620X.159252. PubMed PMID: 26622135; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4640048

Retinal Sensitivity over Hard Exudates in Diabetic Retinopathy. Raman R, Nittala MG, Gella L, Pal SS, Sharma T. Journal of Ophthalmic Vis Res. 2015 Apr-Jun;10(2):160-4. doi: 104103/2008-322X.163771. PubMed PMID: 26425319; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4568614

Chapters in Book: Diabetes: Clinical case series; Vitrectomy for Proliferative diabetic retinopathy, Tarun Sharma, Rajiv Raman, Jaypee publications

Comparison of Photodynamic therapy, Ranibizumab/Bevacizumab, or combination in the treatment of myopic choroidal neovascularization: A 9-year-study from a single centre - accepted in British Journal of Ophthalmology

'Long-Term Outcomes Of 23-Gauge Pars Plana Vitrectomy With Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling And Gas Tamponade For Myopic Traction Maculopathy' - Accepted in Retina 2015

Clinico-Pathological Association of Delineated miRNAs in Uveal Melanoma with Monosomy 3/Disomy 3 Chromosomal Aberrations - Venkatesan N, Kanwar J, Deepa PR, Khetan V, Crowley TM, Raguraman R, Sugneswari G, Rishi P, Natarajan V, Biswas J, Krishnakumar S- PLoS One. 2016 Jan 26;11(1):e0146128. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0146128. eCollection 2016.

Diabetic retinopathy: An epidemic at home and around the world. : Raman R, Gella L, Srinivasan S, Sharma T - Indian J Ophthalmol. 2016 Jan;64(1):69-75. doi: 10.4103/0301-4738.178150. PubMed PMID: 26953027

Evidence-based review of diabetic macular edema management: Consensus statement on Indian treatment guidelines. : Das T, Aurora A, Chhablani J, Giridhar A, Kumar A, Raman R, Nagpal M, Narayanan R, Natarajan S, Ramasamay K, Tyagi M, Verma L - . Indian J Ophthalmol. 2016 Jan;64(1):14-25. doi: 10.4103/0301-4738.178142. PubMed PMID: 26953019

Choroidal thickness in diabetic patients of Indian ethnicity. Sudhalkar A, Chhablani JK, Venkata A, Raman R, Rao PS, Jonnadula GB - Indian J Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec;63(12):912-6. doi: 10.4103/0301-4738.176024. PubMed PMID: 26862096

Comparison of photodynamic therapy, ranibizumab/bevacizumab or combination in the treatment of myopic choroidal neovascularisation: a 9-year-study from a single centre. Rishi P, Rishi E, Bhende M, Agarwal V, Vyas CH, Valiveti M, Bhende P, Rao C, Susvar P, Sen P, Raman R, Khetan V, Murali V, Ratra D, Sharma T - Br J Ophthalmol. 2016 Jan 20. pii: bjophthalmol-2015-307802

SankaraNethralayaVitreoretinal Study Group (SNVR-Study Group). Five-Year Incidence and Visual Outcomes in Postintravitreal Injection Endophthalmitis. Raman R, Singh H S, Appanraj R, Jambulingam M, Bhende M, Roy R, Sharma T - Ophthalmology. 2015 Dec 30. pii: S0161-6420(15)01384-6

Quantitative spectral domain optical coherence tomography thickness parameters in type II diabetes. Gella L, Raman R, Sharma T - Oman J Ophthalmol. March 2016

Structural and Functional Characterization of Benign Fleck Retina using Multimodal imaging. Sripriya, Raman R, Chetan Rao - Retinal cases and Brief reports. March 2016

Structural and functional retinal abnormalities in type 2 diabetes with obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep Breath. 2016. Raman R, Srinivasan S, Nagarajan R - Apr 26. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27115529.

Quantitative spectral domain optical coherence tomography thickness parameters in type II diabetes. Gella L, Raman R, Sharma T - Oman J Ophthalmol. 2016-Apr;9(1):32-6. doi: 10.4103/0974-620X.176098

Bilateral focal photoreceptor defects – Diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Dhanashree R, Ekta S S, Dhanashree M D – Retina Journal 2016

Surgical treatment for diabetic vitreoretinal disease: a review. Sharma T, Angie F, Timothy Y L, Vincent L, Sudipta D - Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 2016; 44: 340-354 doi: 10.1111/ceo.12752

Failure to initiate early insulin therapy – A risk factor for diabetic retinopathy in insulin with type 2 diabetes mellitus: SankaraNethralaya-Diabetic Retinopathy Epidemiology and Molecular Genetics Study (SN-DREAMS, Report No. 35). Aditi G, Kushal S D, Rajiv R, Sharma T, Sangeetha S, Vaitheeswaran K – Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2016, 440-445:V 64;6

Infusion flow related retinal breaks in 25G vitrectomy. Ekta R, Pukhraj R, Sharma T – ActaOphthalmologica 2016.

Five-year Incidence and visual Outcomes in Postintravitreal Injection Endophthalmitis. Rajiv R, Singh H. S, Ramya A, Malathi J, Muna B, Rupak R, Sharma T - Ophthalmology 2016 Volume 123, Issue 5, Pages 1162-1164.

Biopsy techniques for intraocular tumors. Rishi P, Dhami A, Biswas J – Indian Journal of Ophthalmology June 2016;64(6): 415-21

Development and Validation of a Diabetic Retinopathy Referral Algorithm Based on Single-Field Fundus Photography. Sangeetha S, Sharan S, Viswanathan N, Sharma T, Raman R - PLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0163108 September 23, 2016

Book Chapter: Glia in the retina: pluri – functional mediators in diverse ocular disorders – Nivedita Chatterjee. ISBN E-book 978-981-10-1710

Next generation sequencing based method shows increased mutation detection sensitivity in an Indian retinoblastoma cohort/. Singh J, Mishra A, Pandian AJ, Mallipatna AC, Khetan V, Sripriya S, Kapoor S, Agarwal S, Sankaran S, Katragadda S, Veeramachaneni V, Hariharan R, Subramanian K, Mannan AU – Mol Vis 2016 Aug 16;22:1036-47

Director Dr. Pramod S Bhende
Deputy Director Dr. Muna Bhende
Consultants Dr. Aditya Verma
Dr. Bikramjit P Pal
Dr. Chetan Rao
Dr. Debmalya Das (Kolkatta)
Dr. Dhanashree Ratra
Dr. Eesh Nigam
Dr. Ekta Rishi
Dr. Girish Shiva Rao
Dr. Jaydeep Avinash Walinjkar
Dr. Kumar Saurabh (Kolkatta)
Dr. Lingam Gopal
Dr. Mohammadarif Mulla
Dr. Parveen Sen
Dr. Pradeep S
Dr. Pukhraj Rishi
Dr. Rajiv Raman
Dr. Rupak Roy (Kolkatta)
Dr. Sudipta Das (Kolkatta)
Dr. Suganeswari G
Dr. Vikas Khetan
Dr. Vinata Muralidharan
Director - Vitreoretina
Dr. Pramod S Bhende
Sankara Nethralaya (Main Campus)
No. 41 (old 18), College Road,
Chennai - 600 006, Tamil Nadu, India
E-Mail ID:drpb@snmail.org
Tel: 91-044-28271616 (12 lines)
Deputy Director - Vitreoretina
Dr. Muna Bhende
Sankara Nethralaya (Main Campus)
No. 41 (old 18), College Road,
Chennai - 600 006, Tamil Nadu, India
E-Mail ID:drmpb@snmail.org
Tel: 91-044-28271616 (12 lines)